rendering an area ethnically homogeneous by using force or intimidation to remove persons of given groups from the area.” In its final report S/1994/674, the same Commission described ethnic cleansing as “… a purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the …
What does it mean if someone says they are ethnic?
Ethnicity is a broader term than race. The term is used to categorize groups of people according to their cultural expression and identification. Commonalities such as racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin may be used to describe someone’s ethnicity.
What is an example of ethnic cleansing?
Italian war crimes against Slavs (particularly Croats and Slovenes), both within pre-war Italy and during World War II in Yugoslavia, such as the mass-killing of civilians, including within concentration camps, have also been classed as acts of ethnic cleansing.
What are the effects of ethnic cleansing?
Conclusions: Ethnic cleansing has caused high rates of PTSD and depression, as well as other forms of psychological morbidity, in this group of resettled Bosnian refugees. The longitudinal sequelae of ethnic cleansing as a form of massive psychic trauma remain to be studied.
What is the process of ethnic cleansing?
“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogenous geographic area.
What is the meaning of ethnic violence?
Ethnic violence is a form of political violence expressly motivated by ethnic hatred and ethnic conflict. … Ethnic violence in an organized, sustained form is known as ethnic conflict or warfare (race war), in contrast to class conflict, where the dividing line is social class rather than ethnic background.
What are the 5 races?
OMB requires that race data be collectd for a minimum of five groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
What’s the difference between nationality and ethnicity?
Nationality refers to the country of citizenship. Nationality is sometimes used to mean ethnicity, although the two are technically different. People can share the same nationality but be of different ethnic groups and people who share an ethnic identity can be of different nationalities.
What are examples of ethnic conflicts?
- Maluku sectarian conflict.
- Yugoslav Wars.
- The Troubles.
- Insurgency in the North Caucasus.
- Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
- Armenian genocide.
- Rwandan genocide.
- Rohingya genocide.
What are the causes of ethnic conflict in Africa?
Causes of Conflicts in Africa
Conflicts in Africa may be said to have been caused by a multiplicity of factors such as: arbitrary borders created by the colonial powers, heterogeneous ethnic composition of African states, inept political leadership, corruption, negative effect of external debt burden and poverty.
When did the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar start?
|Destroyed village in Rakhine State, September 2017|
|Date||9 October 2016 – January 2017 25 August 2017 – present|
|Cause||Attacks on Burmese border police posts by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army Historic mistreatment of the Rohingya by the government Existing tensions between Buddhist and Muslim communities|
What are the 2 largest ethnicities within Rwanda?
The largest ethnic groups in Rwanda are the Hutus, which make up about 85% of Rwanda’s population; the Tutsis, which are 14%; and the Twa, which are around 1%. Starting with the Tutsi feudal monarchy rule of the 10th century, the Hutus were a subjugated social group.
What happened in the town of Srebrenica in July 1995?
The Srebrenica massacre (Serbo-Croatian: Masakr u Srebrenici / Масакр у Сребреници), also known as the Srebrenica genocide (Serbo-Croatian: Genocid u Srebrenici / Геноцид у Сребреници), was the July 1995 genocide of more than 8,000 Bosniak Muslim men and boys in and around the town of Srebrenica, during the Bosnian War …
What is the definition of the term genocide?
Genocide is an internationally recognized crime where acts are committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group.
What are the cause of ethnic conflict in Ethiopia?
The rise in violent ethnic conflict in Ethiopia in recent years can largely be linked to the sharp increase in militant ethnic nationalism against a backdrop of state and party fragility.
What is tribal conflict?
Widespread presence of arms, illiteracy, weak power of the state, lack of religious faith and the abuse of power by tribal leaders are the main reasons of the tribal conflicts. … In these areas, sheikhs hold much more power than the state and they can put an end to a conflict that the government cannot control.