The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution provides the procedure for electing the president and vice president. It replaced the procedure provided in Article II, Section 1, Clause 3, by which the Electoral College originally functioned.
What does the Constitution say about a contested presidential election?
Article I, Section 5 of the Constitution states: “Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members”. As a result, the House or Senate have final authority to decide a contested election, superseding even a state legislature or court.
What did the 12th amendment do quizlet?
Terms in this set (5)
The Twelfth Amendment refined the process whereby a President and a Vice President are elected by the Electoral College. The amendment was proposed by the Congress on December 9, 1803, and was ratified by the requisite three-fourths of state legislatures on June 15, 1804.
What is the 12th Amendment in simple terms quizlet?
twelfth amendment. An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that specifies the separate election of the president and vice president by the electoral college.
Who should choose the president if no one gets a majority?
If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives elects the President from the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. Each state delegation has one vote. The Senate elects the Vice President from the two vice presidential candidates with the most electoral votes.
What is the major importance of the 12th Amendment?
Passed by Congress December 9, 1803, and ratified June 15, 1804, the 12th Amendment provided for separate Electoral College votes for President and Vice President, correcting weaknesses in the earlier electoral system which were responsible for the controversial Presidential Election of 1800.
What is the 12th Amendment for dummies?
The Twelfth Amendment stipulates that each elector must cast distinct votes for president and vice president, instead of two votes for president. … The Twelfth Amendment requires a person to receive a majority of the electoral votes for vice president for that person to be elected vice president by the Electoral College.
Has any president not conceded?
After losing the 1944 election, Thomas E. … Donald Trump has been an exception to the tradition of concession in American presidential politics, refusing to concede defeat and declaring victory for himself despite having lost both the popular vote and electoral college in the 2020 United States presidential election.
Does Congress certify the presidential election?
In January, Congress sits in joint session to certify the election of the President and Vice President. In the year after the election, electoral documents are held at the OFR for public viewing, and then transferred to the Archives of the United States for permanent retention and access.
Has any presidential election been overturned?
Only two Presidential elections (1800 and 1824) have been decided in the House. Though not officially a contingent election, in 1876, South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana submitted certificates of elections for both candidates.
How did the 12th Amendment change the Electoral College quizlet?
The most important part of the 12th amendment is that instead of casting two votes for President, each elector must pick a President AND a Vice President on his or her ballot. … On January 6, the electoral votes cast are counted by the president of the Senate, and the President and Vice President are formally elected.
Who does the 14th amendment apply to?
Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of …
Which scenario would be a result of the 12th Amendment quizlet?
Which scenario would be a result of the 12th Amendment? The person with the most votes is elected president. The person with the second most votes is elected vice president.
What Is The Winner-Takes-All Rule?
As of the last election, the District of Columbia and 48 States had a winner-takes-all rule for the Electoral College. … So, a State legislature could require that its electors vote for a candidate who did not receive a majority of the popular vote in its State.
Who is the youngest president to take office?
The youngest person to assume the presidency was Theodore Roosevelt, who, at the age of 42, succeeded to the office after the assassination of William McKinley. The youngest to become president by election was John F. Kennedy, who was inaugurated at age 43.
What are the hats that the president wears?
- Chief Executive hat.
- Chief Diplomat hat.
- Chief Legislator hat.
- Commander – in – chief hat.
- Party Leader hat.
- Comforter – in – chief hat.
- Crisis Manager hat.