What Are The Factors Necessary For Germination?

All seeds need water, oxygen, and proper temperature in order to germinate. Some seeds require proper light also. Some germinate better in full light while others require darkness to germinate. When a seed is exposed to the proper conditions, water and oxygen are taken in through the seed coat.

List Contents

What are the 5 factors of germination?

  • Water: Germination cannot occur unless and until the seed is provided with an external supply of water. …
  • Oxygen: …
  • Temperature: …
  • Light: …
  • Other factors:

What are the four factors of germination?

  • There are four environmental factors that affect seed germination: Water, Light, Oxygen, and Heat. …
  • This diagram of a barley seed, by Ross Koning, is a good example for showing how germination takes place.

What is germination of seed Class 5?

Answer: The process by which a seed grows into a new plant is called germination. When the seed get all the necessary things like air, water, warmth, space and nutrients from the soil the process of germination starts.

What are the different factors affecting seed germination?

Environmental factors such as temperature, light, pH, and soil moisture are known to affect seed germination (Chachalis and Reddy 2000; Taylorson 1987). Burial depth of seed also affects seed germination and seedling emer- gence.


What are the six steps in germination?

  1. Step 1: Imbibition: water fills the seed.
  2. Step 2: The water activates enzymes that begin the plant’s growth.
  3. Step 3: The seed grows a root to access water underground.
  4. Step 4: The seed grows shoots that grow towards the sun.
  5. Step 5: The shoots grow leaves and begin photmorphogenesis.

What are the 3 main parts of a seed?

“There are three parts of a seed.” “A bean or seed consists of a seed coat, an embryo, and a cotyledon.” “The embryo is the tiny plant protected by the seed coat.”

What is germination for kids?

Germination is the process by which a plant grows from a seed.

What are the 3 stages of germination?

In general, germination process can be distinguished into three phases: phase I, rapid water imbibition by seed; phase II, reactivation of metabolism; and phase III, radicle protrusion [6].

What are the three factors that affect seed viability?

A variety of factors can affect seed viability such as the ability of the plant to produce viable seeds, predator and pathogen damage, and environmental conditions like flooding or heat.

What are the methods of seed germination?

  • Planting. The seeds that are easiest to grow are those that simply germinate when you plant them in the correct environment. …
  • Cold Stratification. Some plants that are native to the Northern part of the country need a period of cold before they will start to germinate. …
  • Scarification. …
  • Sprouting.

What are the 4 main parts of a seed?

  • Seed Coat.
  • Endosperm.
  • Embryo.

What is the most limiting factor that affects seed germination and why?

For all populations, seed germination was lower under complete darkness (35-64 %) than under an alternating photoperiod. The results show darkness is a limiting factor for seed germination of all populations, while photoperiod is an important factor for the enhancement of seed germination.

What are the different stages of germination?

  • Imbibition: water fills the seed.
  • The water activates enzymes that begin the plant’s growth.
  • The seed grows a root to access water underground.
  • The seed grows shoots that grow towards the sun.
  • The shoots grow leaves and begin photmorphogenesis. Was this answer helpful?

What is the main function of seed?

Functions. Seeds serve several functions for the plants that produce them. Key among these functions are nourishment of the embryo, dispersal to a new location, and dormancy during unfavorable conditions.

What is seed Short answer?

A seed is the part of a seed plant which can grow into a new plant. It is a reproductive structure which disperses, and can survive for some time. … At the start, seeds are dormant (resting inside their coat) for a while.

What is germination Class 3 answer?

What is germination? The growth of a seed into a young plant or a seedling is called germination. In this lesson we are going to learn about the growth of a seed into a young plant which is called germination. Learn the lesson and try the ‘Quiz’ at the end of the lesson to check your knowledge.

What are the factors that destroy the vitality of a seed?

Moisture, temperature, and the proportion of oxygen are key environmental factors that affect seed deterioration and loss of viability. Reducing seed moisture content (MC) to certain thresholds increases longevity in a predictable manner for approximately 90% of species (Roberts 1973).

What are the 3 requirements for a seed to germinate?

  • The beginning of the growth of a seed into a seedling is known as germination.
  • All seeds need water, oxygen and the right temperature to germinate.
  • Dormancy is a state of suspended animation in which seeds delay germination until conditions are right for survival and growth.

What are the five steps of germination?

Such five changes or steps occurring during seed germination are: (1) Imbibition (2) Respiration (3) Effect of Light on Seed Germination(4) Mobilization of Reserves during Seed Germination and Role of Growth Regulators and (5) Development of Embryo Axis into Seedling.

Which factors will influence the growth of seedlings?

There are four primary factors that affect plant growth: light, water, temperature and nutrients. These four elements affect the plant’s growth hormones, making the plant grow more quickly or more slowly.

How does viable seed affect germination?

A viable seed is one which is capable of germination under suitable conditions. … A non-viable seed, therefore, is one which fails to germinate even under optimal conditions, including treatments for the removal of dormancy.

What are the four environmental requirements of seed germination?

Four environmental factors affect germination: light, water, oxygen, and temperature. All plants have specific germination requirements based on ecological adaptations and the environmental cues that trigger germination for that species. Light quality and duration can influence germination.

What is the most common method of germinating seeds?

Pre-sprouting means you are sprouting the seeds in the absence of soil, and then transplanting the ‘live’ seed with a bit of root to soil, compost, or vermiculite. The two most common methods of pre-germination are moist paper towel and gel.

What is the most common method of seed germination?

  1. Paper Towel Germination. One of the most popular ways to germinate seeds is the paper towel method. To do this, you’ll need paper towels as well as two plates. …
  2. Grow Medium Germination. Another common germinating method is to place the seeds directly into a grow medium.

What are the steps to planting a seed?

  1. Choose a container.
  2. Start with quality soil. Sow seeds in sterile, seed-starting mix or potting soil available in nurseries and garden centers. …
  3. Plant at the proper depth. …
  4. Water wisely. …
  5. Maintain consistent moisture. …
  6. Keep soil warm. …
  7. Fertilize. …
  8. Give seedlings enough light.

What is the aim of seed germination?

Seed germination may be defined as the fundamental process by which different plant species grow from a single seed into a plant. This process influences both crop yield and quality.

How many types of seed germination are there?

The three main types are: (1) Hypogeal Germination (2) Epigeal Germination and (3) Vivipary (Viviparous Germination).

What are the 5 types of seeds?

  • FlaxSeeds. This type of seed has gained unmatched popularity when the discussion is about good health. …
  • Chia Seeds. …
  • Rajgira Seeds. …
  • Sunflower Seeds. …
  • Pumpkin Seeds. …
  • Basil Seeds. …
  • Hemp Seeds. …
  • Pomegranate Seeds.

What are the 2 types of germination?

  • Epigeal Germination: In this type of germination, the hypocotyl elongates rapidly and arches upwards pulling the cotyledons which move above the soil. …
  • Hypogeal Germination: In this type of germination, the epicotyl elongates and the cotyledons remain below the soil.